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Bharat Nirman: Growth story of rural India

Sep 18, 2013

Bharat Nirman is a business plan for rural infrastructure, implemented by the Government of India to provide basic amenities to the rural India.

Bharat Nirman was launched in 2005 and aims to improve the infrastructural facilities of- Water, Road, Housing, Telephone, Electricity and Irrigation- individually which will result in the overall development of the infrastructural facilities of the country. Bharat Nirman is a business plan for rural infrastructure, implemented by the Government of India to provide basic amenities to the rural India.

“Bharat Nirman will be a time-bound business plan for action in rural infrastructure for the next four years. Under Bharat Nirman, action is proposed in the areas of irrigation, road, rural housing, rural water supply, rural electrification and rural telecommunication connectivity. We have set specific targets to be achieved under each of these goals so that there is accountability in the progress of this initiative,” said the Indian Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh.

The objectives of Bharat Nirman are:

• Water Supply: Cover approximately 55 thousand uncovered habitations and provide safe drinking water to approximately 2.16 lakh villages affected by poor water quality.

• Housing: Provide additional 1.2 crore houses at the rate of 24 lakh houses each year to be built by funds allocated to the homeless through Panchayats.

• Telecommunication and Information Technology: Increase rural tele-density to 40% and provide broadband connectivity and Bharat Nirman Seva Kendras to all 2.5 lakh Panchayats.

• Roads: Provide road connections to remaining 23,000 villages approximately with population of 1000 or 500 in case of hilly or tribal areas.

• Electrification: Provide electricity to remaining 40,000 villages approximately and connections to about 1.75 crore poor households.

• Irrigation: 6.5 million hectares brought under assured irrigation till 2009. Remaining 3.5 million hectares to be completed by year 2012.

The UPA government is leaving no stone unturned in ensuring its implementation. The ‘Bharat Nirman’ ad campaign highlights the party's achievements, various policies and welfare schemes during the last nine years.

It highlights initiatives like the Food Security bill, Direct benefit transfer scheme, RTI, Land Acquisition bill and MNREGS.

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