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Govt mulls plan to improve employability of tribal people

Dec 18, 2017

Government is considering formulating a special policy for tribal people working in urban areas so that they can benefit from the skill India initiative.

New Delhi: India’s Tribal Affairs Minister Jual Oram on Sunday said private security sector was playing a big role in creating employment opportunities for tribal people. “Lakhs of tribal people are working as security guards in metro cities. Government is considering formulating a special policy where these tribals can be benefited from Modi Government’s Skill India initiative which will improve their employability. It will also help in tackling the problem of Naxalism,” Oram said at the annual conference of the Central Association of Private Security Industry (CAPSI) and the Association of Private Detectives and Investigators (APDI).

The private security sector in India currently employs 70 lakh people in 22,000 private security agencies.

“There are 136 tribal-dominated districts where we plan to focus under Skill India programme. Private security is one such sector where our tribal people can get good employment opportunities. Already lakhs of tribal people are working as security guards and supervisors in IT hubs of Bangalore, Hyderabad and Pune. Tribals are most honest and hardworking people and they are real asset of the country. We will take help from CAPSI to see how more amd more tribals can get good employment opportunities and help them join the national mainstream,” the minister added.

CAPSI Chairperson Kunwar Vikram Singh urged the government to carry out a study to highlight need for policy formulations for creating more employment opportunities in tribal areas. He assured all help from CAPSI in helping tribal getting training facilities and job opportunities. “Skill India can give a big boost to employment generation in rural and tribal areas. Out of 72 lakh workforce in private security sector, a majority comes from rural and tribal areas. CAPSI is helping government in meeting its employment goals by creating jobs. We are training and employing tribal and rural people. Government need to give a much-needed boost to private security sector to make it a big employment generator,” he added.

Singh raised the issues concerning the sector, particularly related to imposition of GST which is putting financial burden on agencies and also new regulation which puts onus of crimes committed by a guard on his employer. "I have apprised Prime Minister Narendra Modi about these two important issues which could kill this sector which is not only the largest private sector employer with 72 lakh personnel but also top corporate tax contributor. The Prime Minister has asked Union Home Ministry to look into our concerns on urgent basis," he said.

Singh, who also heads the Security Sector Skill Development Council (SSSDC), said the private security sector is neglected. "We have urged the Prime Minister to save the sector which could prove crucial for the success of 'Skill India' and also in generating jobs. We have demanded that for security agencies GST should be made on reverse charge basis so that service taker is made to pay GST and not the service providers. Our payments are delayed but we make timely payment of salaries to our personnel. It is not possible for us to make upfront payment of GST. We cannot take this extra burden of 18%. Already many agencies are closing down due to this burden. If this continues, our sector will be in distress and lakhs of people will become jobless,' Singh warned.

Singh further said there is a need for amendments of the Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act in consultation with the security agencies. A recent provision that for any crime committed by a guard, his employer will have to face severe penal action is draconian and needs to be withdrawn immediately. "This is highly objectionable rule which will lead to chaos. Similarly, there are also other provisions which need amendments so that our industry could grow and give more employment. We also need a fair tender process by government or public sector undertakings (PSUs) was necessary to promote competition," he added.

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