The eight Millennium Development Goals, or MDGs, originated from the United Nations Millennium Declaration emphasising the right of every individual to dignity, freedom, equality, a basic standard of living, including freedom from hunger and violence, and encouraging tolerance and solidarity.
When these goals were adopted during the Millennium Summit in 2000, all the United Nations member states agreed to achieve these by the end of 2015. However, with the deadline inching closer as every month passes, there is still much remaining to be done to universally achieve the goals.
An important outcome of the Rio+20 Earth Summit, has been an agreement on a new set of goals to succeed the MDGs post-2015. But there is still some debate on the nature of these goals, which are now being referred to as the Sustainable Development Goals.
Such information is being provided to the needy people, particularly women, scheduled castes, tribal communities and minorities through voice based information kiosks installed by the Indian government in the States of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.
The Kiosks are part of a project, Nyaya Path, which is a joint initiative by the UNDP, Department of Justice, Government of India and OneWorld.
Geeta Luthra, Senior Advocate, Supreme Court of India, speaks about the importance of Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005. She further suggests that societal and educational change is important to make women empowered and respected. She added that the country has sufficient laws but the problem lies in their implementation which delays the process of justice.
Leeladhar Manjhi, a fifty- year-old fisherman and a native of Budhni, a Nagar Palika in Sehore district of Madhya Pradesh, said that rains had become very erratic in the last two decades. “Sometimes it rains very heavily, other times there are no rains at all. Earlier, it used to used to rain for four months in the monsoon season, nowadays it rains only for one or two months,” he said.
Manjhi said that income from fishing has dwindled over the years. “My income from fishing is just enough to sustain the family. Scanty rainfall is having an adverse impact on fish breeding. Also, because of less water in the river, there is less silt deposit near the banks which is harming melon cultivation,” he said.