Jul 08, 2011
Southern states of Kerela and Tamil Nadu have achieved the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of maternal mortality ratio, infant mortality rate and the total fertility rate well ahead of scheduled deadline, says a government survey.
South India is way ahead in achieving the millennium development goal (MDG) targets for maternal mortality ratio, infant mortality rate and the total fertility rate.
The latest figures of the Sample Registration System (SRS), released by the office of the Registrar General of India suggest that the undivided Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Assam still lagged behind in improving their respective MMR, IMR and TFR figures despite being high focus States where the bulk of Centre's attention and funds are directed.
As in every other sector, Kerala tops the list of performance by having achieved the MDG well ahead of the schedule. The MMR in Kerala is 81 as against the stipulated 109, the IMR is 12 as against the required 28 and the TFR at 1.7 as set by the United Nations. The under five mortality rate is already14, though India had to achieve a figure of 42 by 2015.
Closely following Kerala is Tamil Nadu that has managed to bring down its MMR to 97, IMR to 28, TFR to 1.7 and U5MR to 33.
Andhra Pradesh is closing in with its MMR at 134, IMR at 49, TFR at 1.9 and U5MR at 52. Karnataka's MMRis at 178 and IMR at49 and it has achieved a TFR at 2 and U5MR is 50. Maharashtra and West Bengal have also shown remarkable improvements.
The worst performers have been the undivided States of U.P, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar — clubbed as the empowered action group (EAG) and Assam. The MMR is highest among these States at 308. The maximum IMR (67) and U5MR (89) has been reported from Madhya Pradesh while Bihar has the highest TFR of 3.9, followed closely by Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Jharkhand — all with a TFR of over 3.