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Annual report on education finds marked increase in enrolment

Jan 17, 2011

Annual Status of Education Report (ASER), 2010 launched by Indian NGO Pratham, has found that 96.5% of the children are enrolled in schools. The proportion of girls enrolled in the age group of 11-14 years too increased to 94.1% although quality of education remained a big concern.

Annual Status of Education Report, 2010       

Published by: Pratham


In 2010, ASER found that 96.5% of children in the 6 to 14 age group in rural India are enrolled in school. While 71.1% of these children are enrolled in government schools, 24.3 % are enrolled in private schools.  

5.9% of girls in the 11-14 age groups are still out of school. However, this percentage has gone down as compared to 6.8% in 2009. In states like Rajasthan (12.1%) and Uttar Pradesh (9.7%), this percentage remains high and shows little change since 2009.  

Noteworthy in this regard is the performance of Bihar where the percentage of out of school girls and boys in all age groups has been declining steadily since 2005. In 2006, 12.3% of boys and 17.6% girls were out of school in the 11-14 age group. By 2010, these numbers had declined to 4.4% for boys and 4.6% for girls, showing very little difference by gender.  

Enrolment in private schools in rural India increased from 21.8% in 2009 to 24.3% in 2010.  This number has risen steadily since 2005 when it was 16.3% nationally. Between 2009 and 2010, the southern states have shown a substantial increase in private school enrollments. The percentage of children in private school increased from 29.7% to 36.1% in Andhra Pradesh, from 19.7% to 25.1% in Tamil Nadu, from 16.8% to 20% in Karnataka and from 51.5% to 54.2% in Kerala. Among other states, Punjab showed an increase from 30.5% to 38%. However, this proportion remains low in Bihar (5.2%), West Bengal (5.9%), Jharkhand (8.8%), Orissa (5.4%) and Tripura (2.8%). 

Nationally, the percentage of five year olds enrolled in schools increased from 54.6% in 2009 to 62.8% in 2010. The biggest increase was visible in Karnataka where the proportion of five year olds enrolled in school increased from 17.1% in 2009 to 67.6 in 2010. Enrollment of five year olds increased substantially between 2009 and 2010 in several other states such as Punjab (68.3% to 79.6%), Haryana (62.8% to 76.8%), Rajasthan (69.9%  to75.8%), Uttar Pradesh (55.7% to 73.1%) and Assam (49.1% to 59%).  

Nationally, not much change in reading ability, except in some states: Even after five years in school, close to half of all children are not even at the level expected of them after two years in school. Only 53.4% children in Std V could read a Std II level text.  

However, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana and Rajasthan saw an increase in the proportion of children in Std I who were able to recognize letters. There was also an increase in the proportion of children in Std V who could read Std II level text in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

Source : Pratham
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