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Education And Employment Among Muslims In India

Oct 26, 2012

Given the links between economic and political spaces, there is a need to enhance participation of Muslims in governance to increase their participation in the education space, says a recent report- Education And Employment Among Muslims In India by the Observer Research Foundation.

ORF Paper

The report  leads to the following findings on Muslims participation in education and employment:

• As compared to other religions, Muslims nurse a deeper feeling of being meted out unfair treatment and this sense of discrimination is especially strong in the employment and education spaces;

• Participation of Muslims is relatively low in the education space, but has improved in recent years. However, the situation is particularly poor in urban areas, especially for Muslim males;

• The participation of Muslims in higher education is particularly poor but once they cross the threshold of school education, and other factors that affect participation in higher education, the deficits for Muslims decline significantly. Therefore, a focus on eligibility is as critical for Muslims, if not more, as it is for other marginalized groups: Consequently, the links between secondary and tertiary education are quite important for the Muslims, especially because the drop-out rates are quite high after middle school;

• While limited access (scarcity of schools in the neighbourhood) and discrimination is not ruled out, household endowments along with location play a critical role in determining the participation of Muslims in the education space. There is some evidence to suggest that the community does not fully appreciate the rewards of education even 19 though it is recognised that the economic advantages of education are high;• Muslims are predominantly engaged in self-employment and their participation as regular workers, especially in the tertiary sector (that has grown in recent years) in urban areas is low as compared to other SRCs.

• While there is some evidence to suggest that Muslims choose selfemployment to avoid discrimination in the formal labour market, educational endowments and other attributes like experience explain a large part of the differentials across SRCs in participation in regular employment as well as earnings. At the same time, besides these attributes, there seem to be other reasons for the differentials. Therefore, besides discrimination there is also the issue of measuring attributes like quality
of education.

Click here for complete report

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