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Improve child nutrition to reduce global hunger, says index

Oct 26, 2010

Malnutrition among children under two years of age is one of the leading challenges to reducing global hunger and can cause lifelong harm to health, productivity, and earning potential, according to the Global Hunger Index 2010 launched by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

Global Hunger Index

The Challenge Of Hunger: Focus On The Crisis Of Child Undernutrition

mali_women.jpgPublished by: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), 2010

As the world approaches the 2015 deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – which include a goal of reducing the proportion of hungry people by half – the 2010 Global Hunger Index (GHI) offers a useful and multidimensional overview of global hunger. 

The 2010 GHI shows some improvement over the 1990 GHI, falling by almost one-quarter. Nonetheless, the index for hunger in the world remains at a level characterised as “serious.” This result is unsurprising given that the overall number of hungry people surpassed 1 billion people in 2009.

The highest regional GHI scores are for South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, but South Asia has made much more progress since 1990. 

In South Asia, the low nutritional, educational, and social status of women is among the major factors that contribute to a high prevalence of underweight in children under five. 

In contrast, in Sub-Saharan Africa, low government effectiveness, conflict, political instability, and high rates of HIV and AIDS are among the major factors that lead to high child mortality and a high proportion of people who cannot meet their calorie requirements.

Source : IFPRI
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