Apr 08, 2011
Census 2011, the 15th National Census of the Country, provides data on India’s latest demographic characteristics, social and economics activities, literacy, urbanisation, migration rates and so on. It is widely used for planning and formulation of policies for the central and state governments.
At a total cost of Rupees 22000 million, the 15th national census of India was conducted in two phases. The first one was the House listing & Housing Census from April to September 2010 and the second one was the Population Enumeration that was carried out from 9th to 28th February 2011.
According to provisional results of census 2011 India's population has touched 121 crore, indicating an increase of 17.64 per cent. The male population has grown by 17.19 per cent and reached 62 crore and the female population has risen by 18.12 per cent to reach 58 crore.
The country’s population is almost equal to the combined population of the U.S., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan put together that is 1214.3 million.
2001-2011 is the first decade, with the exception of 1911-1921, which has actually added lesser population compared to the previous decade. The percentage decadal growth during 2001-2011 has registered the sharpest decline since Independence that is a decrease of 3.90 percentage points from 21.54 to 17.64 percent.
Uttar Pradesh has the largest proportion of the country's population at 16 per cent, followed by Maharashtra and Bihar (nine per cent each), West Bengal (eight per cent) and Andhra Pradesh (seven per cent).
The percentage decadal growth rates of the six most populous States, Uttar Pradesh, Maharastra, Bihar, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have declined during 2001-2011 as compared to 1991-2001.
Overall Sex ratio at the National level has increased by 7 points since Census 2001 to reach 940 at Census 2011. This is the highest Sex Ratio recorded since Census 1971.The increase in Sex Ratio is observed in 29 States and Union Territories. Kerala with 1084 has the highest sex ratio followed by Puducherry with 1038. Daman and Diu have the lowest sex ratio of 618. Three major States of India-J&K, Bihar and Gujarat have shown decline in the Sex Ratio as compared to Census 2001.
As per provisional population totals of Census 2011, literates constitute 74 per cent of the total population aged seven and above and illiterates form 26 per cent. Literacy rate has gone up from 64.83 per cent in 2001 to 74.04 per cent in 2011 showing an increase of 9.21 percentage points. The effective literacy rate for males rose from 75.26 to 82.14 per cent marking a rise of 6.9 per cent, it increased by 11.8 per cent for females to go from 53.67 to 65.46 per cent.