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MDG Report 2011

Sep 07, 2011

The latest Millennium Development Goals Report 2011 presented by the United Nations reveals mixed progress towards achievement of the MDGs across the world. The report also highlights the discouraging difference between urban and rural progress.

The Millennium Development Goals Report 2011

Published by: UN

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More than 10 years have passed since global leaders established eight Millennium Development Goals to free humanity from extreme poverty, hunger, illiteracy and disease.   The Millennium Development Goals report 2011 by the United Nations presents a data on progress towards these Millennium Development Goals for the world as a whole and for various country groupings classified as “developing” regions and the “developed” regions.

Despite significant setbacks after the 2008-2009 economic downturns, exacerbated by the food and energy crisis, the world is still on track to reach the poverty-reduction target. By 2015, it is now expected that the global poverty rate will fall below 15%, well under the 23% target. This global trend, however, mainly reflects rapid growth in Eastern Asia, reveals the report.

Although many countries have demonstrated that progress is possible, efforts need to be intensified to reach the poorest of the poor and those disadvantaged because of their sex, age, ethnicity or disability. Disparities in progress between urban and rural areas remain daunting. Astonishingly, across the world, one in five workers and their families are living in extreme poverty.

Over 2.6 billion people still lack access to flush toilets or other forms of improved sanitation. Although gaps in sanitation coverage between urban and rural areas are narrowing, rural populations remain at a distinct disadvantage in a number of regions.

Investments in preventing HIV, malaria and tuberculosis are yielding results. Targeted interventions have succeeded in reducing child mortality. The number of deaths of children under the age of five declined from 12.4 million in 1990 to 8.1 million in 2009. This means that nearly 12,000 fewer children are dying each day.

Refugee children face steep barriers in getting education. In 87 urban areas for which the UNHCR has data, 37% of refugee children had no access to schooling. Among youth in refugee camps, 73% of adolescent girls and 66% of adolescent boys were out of school.

In South Asia, a shortage of quality food and poor feeding practices, combined with inadequate sanitation, has contributed to making underweight prevalence among children the highest in the world.

The report also highlights the soaring numbers of refugees worldwide. Close to 43 million people worldwide are displaced because of conflict or persecution.

The report shows that there is still a long way to go in empowering women and girls, promoting sustainable development, and protecting the most vulnerable from the devastating effects of multiple crises, be they conflicts, natural disasters or volatility in prices for food and energy.

Source : UN
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